In the autumn of 1985, 22-year-old Marianne Shine was invited to Paris to attempt her hand at modelling. A assured and tutorial younger lady, she had graduated in classical artwork and archaeology from her faculty in Pennsylvania, having spent a number of summers in Greece on archaeological digs, and was excited to go to Europe once more. Her Danish mom, a journey agent, and Hungarian father, a gynaecologist, inspired her to go, satisfied that the modelling brokers there would take excellent care of her.

However after six months of modelling in Paris, Shine returned dwelling a special individual. “Earlier than Paris I used to be this playful, inventive woman, however that a part of me vanished,” she tells me now. Her mom discovered her a job at a journey company of their suburb of New York, however Shine wasn’t . She says: “It was like this deadening. I couldn’t go to sleep at night time, after which I couldn’t get up within the morning. I may barely trudge via the day.”

What Shine is aware of now however didn’t have the phrases for on the time is that she was experiencing a “deep, deep despair”. In Paris she had been sexually assaulted a number of instances by males within the vogue business. This culminated in being raped by her agent, Jean-Luc Brunel, then one of the vital highly effective males within the enterprise, and the individual entrusted together with her care.

Marianne Shine in 1985: ‘Earlier than Paris I used to be this playful, inventive woman, however that a part of me vanished.’ {Photograph}: Frank Maresca/courtesy of Marianne Shine

“I didn’t perceive how deeply it affected me and I blamed myself,” says Shine, now 58, from her dwelling in Mill Valley, California. “I felt like this soiled, vile, horrible factor.” She didn’t inform anybody, not even the therapist her mom organized for her to see. “I simply stored burying it,” she says. “I used to be so alone in that darkness.”

Three many years later, as #MeToo reverberated around the globe, Shine opened as much as shut pals and family, however not often went into particulars. In October 2020, although, she learn the Guardian’s investigations into abuse within the vogue business, drawing on accounts from former fashions who had had related experiences in Paris within the 80s and 90s, together with some with allegations in opposition to her alleged rapist, Brunel. “I believed: what number of different ladies on the market, like me, had buried it?”

Two months later, Brunel was arrested on suspicion of trafficking and raping underage ladies. The investigation was being led by police investigating the paedophile Jeffrey Epstein. It emerged that the pair had been shut associates, and that Brunel was accused of supplying greater than 1,000 ladies and younger ladies for Epstein to have intercourse with. “That blew my thoughts,” Shine says. “I had no thought what I had been part of.”

Shine is talking now for the primary time, and has contributed to a three-part Sky documentary to be broadcast subsequent month. The sequence was developed from my Guardian investigations into sexual abuse within the vogue business, and follows former fashions and whistleblowers. Within the ultimate episode, Shine is filmed recounting her experiences over the cellphone to a lawyer in France as a witness within the rising legal case in opposition to Brunel.

On 19 February this 12 months, although, as justice appeared inside attain, information broke that Brunel had killed himself in jail – mirroring the destiny of Epstein. The 75-year-old had spent 14 months in custody, awaiting trial on fees of rape of minors and sexual harassment, which he denied, together with any participation in Epstein’s sex-trafficking. Shine says she felt “this entire rollercoaster of feelings. I had buried it for thus a few years after which to have it simply go ‘pfft – not doable’ … it was crushing.”

For Shine and the 5 different Brunel accusers who spoke to me for this story – 4 of whom are sharing their experiences for the primary time – his demise has been a set off to talk out. All say their careers had been affected by what they allege passed off in Paris. They are saying Brunel was on the coronary heart of a community of sexual abuse within the business that also must be uncovered. There have been others round him, they declare, who enabled the abuse and continued to place fashions in peril, even after allegations in opposition to Brunel had been aired on US TV within the late 80s. A few of these individuals proceed to work within the business right now.

Shine says: “I don’t have to attend for a courtroom to inform me whether or not I’m proper or mistaken. I do know my fact. If I don’t give voice to this, it’s going to proceed to occur.”


Born into an upper-middle-class household in Paris in 1946, Brunel began his profession in restaurant PR earlier than transferring into vogue. He rose to prominence as a mannequin scout within the late Seventies, and have become the top of Karin Fashions in Paris in 1978; claiming to have launched the careers of a few of the most profitable supermodels of the period, together with Helena Christensen.

By the 80s, Brunel was one of many main mannequin brokers in Paris and a fixture on the social scene, notably on the unique Les Bains Douches nightclub, the place he had his personal desk. He surrounded himself with VIPs, from businessmen and princes to pop stars and film producers – and, after all, scores of younger fashions. Nights of dancing had been preceded by dinners at his residence close to the Karin headquarters on the elegant Avenue Hoche, or adopted by events there. He’d at all times choose a handful of his favorite fashions to maintain him and his male pals firm. Brunel was stated to offer bowls of cocaine and encourage his company, fashions included, to indulge.

Lynn Wales in 1982, with long dark hair and wearing a black lacy shirt
Lynn Wales left Scotland for Paris in 1982. {Photograph}: Marc Hispard/courtesy of Lynn Wales

A succession of younger ladies who labored for Karin lived in his residence – typically sharing bedrooms. In 1982, Scottish mannequin Lynn Wales was one among them. She describes witnessing one social gathering at his dwelling, which grew to become “extra like an orgy”. Brunel’s residence, she says, “was on one of many huge avenues close to the Arc de Triomphe. He had a maid and a cook dinner. It was all so overseas to me.” Talking on the cellphone from her dwelling in Cumbernauld, North Lanarkshire, she says: “I used to be just like the weirdo in these days, I didn’t drink or smoke. I used to be stitching a patchwork quilt … they thought I used to be from Mars.”

One night time at Brunel’s residence, Wales says, he advised her to reply his cellphone. “It was an American mom frightened about her 14-year-old daughter who was coming to Paris,” she says. Shortly afterwards, this woman and several other others from the US arrived. Wales says she heard Brunel inform the younger ladies he would get them profitable jobs, together with a Benetton marketing campaign and several other pages in Vogue. Quickly, they joined Brunel’s social gathering, which she says was “stuffed with previous, fats males”.

“My room was down the corridor from the salon, which was the place it was happening … and what I noticed that night time was horrific,” says Wales, who was 17 on the time. “These poor ladies had been simply children, and there have been piles of cocaine. It was like a Renaissance portray: underwear, nudity, cocaine … undoubtedly intercourse happening.” Wales, now in her 50s, provides: “I simply went into my room. I used to be shocked at what I noticed and I suppose a bit scared.” The following day, she says, she confronted Brunel they usually had “a giant battle”. Quickly afterwards, she left the company and returned to London, disheartened.

Lynn Wales today, sitting on a stone bench in front of a trellis covered in plants, with long dark hair and wearing a white shirt and jeans
When Wales heard of Brunel’s arrest in 2020, she went to the native police in Cumbernauld: ‘They will need to have thought I used to be mad.’ {Photograph}: Sophie Gerrard/The Guardian

4 many years later, on 20 December 2020, after studying of Brunel’s arrest, Wales, who runs a cleansing enterprise in Glasgow, reported what she had witnessed to Cumbernauld police station. “I’m from a wee village in Scotland … they will need to have thought I used to be mad,” she says.


In the Nineteen Eighties, a lot of these making an attempt to make it at companies in Paris had been youngsters from the US, Canada or elsewhere in Europe. Most had been away from dwelling for the primary time. For Marianne Shine, it was much less an extended‑time period profession transfer and extra a solution to make some cash and journey earlier than returning to her research. She was snug in entrance of the digital camera and spoke a little bit of French. “I believed I had it collectively: I’ve a school diploma and I’ve travelled, and my mother and father are European,” she says.

Nevertheless, in January 1986, inside weeks of arriving in Paris to work for Status – a French company run by Claude Haddad, one among Brunel’s largest rivals – she was starting to really feel out of her depth. Haddad was one other energy participant, who had found Jerry Corridor and Grace Jones. His employees had been sending Shine throughout Paris for castings, however she had restricted success. She started witnessing her boss’s predatory behaviour in direction of younger fashions and was disgusted when at some point the identical factor occurred to her. Haddad (who died in 2009) known as her into his workplace in entrance of purchasers and different company employees and sexually assaulted her, she says. He pulled her shirt down to point out her breasts, “hoisted up my skirt, smacked me on the arse and spun me round,” she says. Shine couldn’t imagine that nobody did something to cease it. She left Status shortly afterwards to search out one other company – someplace she’d really feel safer.

When Shine discovered herself at Karin’s sunny workplace close to the Champs-Élysées, it felt filled with promise. Getting in felt to her “like becoming a member of an unique membership”. When she first met Brunel, he advised her she wasn’t allowed in till she slimmed down. “He’d say, ‘You could lose extra weight in your face, come again subsequent week,’” says Shine. After a number of weeks of utmost weight-reduction plan, she stopped getting her interval and commenced to lose hope that she would make the reduce. However at some point Brunel lastly advised her she was prepared.

That night time Brunel whisked her off to a Sade live performance in a limousine. “I used to be so excited,” she says. There have been different fashions within the automotive, however Shine was alone with Brunel within the again seat and “he was type of interviewing me,” she says. After that, Shine began getting bookings. “Being a mannequin with Karin’s gave us this privilege,” she says. “The place there can be the velvet rope and other people queueing up exterior, they’d simply allow us to in. It felt so cool, like we had been celebrities.”

Within the spring of 1986, she was invited to a dinner at Brunel’s home: “He had a really good flat, very fancy.” A number of high fashions from the company had been there, in addition to numerous males, together with one Shine now believes was Harvey Weinstein. She was maintaining a tally of the time, aware of when the Métro would cease operating, however says Brunel stored insisting: “No, no, no – don’t go away but. We’re simply having enjoyable. I’ll have somebody offer you a trip dwelling.”

When the time got here to depart, there was nobody to take her dwelling. The opposite fashions advised she keep on the residence, reassuring her that they slept over on a regular basis, however she wasn’t certain. “All people went to mattress and Jean-Luc and I sat there, and he was like: ‘Sure, I actually have hopes for you.’ I felt privileged. He went: ‘How about I carry you a pillow and a blanket and also you sleep right here?’” Shine reluctantly agreed. Brunel went to his room and she or he fell asleep on the sofa, however Brunel quickly woke her up. “He was sporting a silk gown, he was kneeling subsequent to me, and he was like: ‘Go sleep in my mattress.’ He stored repeating that I wanted my magnificence relaxation.” Shine repeatedly stated no, and he went away. Ultimately, she remembers: “He was standing over me and was insistent, virtually indignant, and he went: ‘Go to my mattress, I’ll sleep out right here, you go now.’ I stupidly went into his bed room, into this huge mattress with these satin sheets.

A portrait of Marianne Shine today with long, greying hair and wearing a demin shirt, jeans and a brown jacket
‘I awakened and he was on high of me,’ recollects Shine right now. {Photograph}: Jessica Chou/The Guardian

“Someway I managed to go to sleep once more, and I awakened and he was on high of me,” says Shine. “He was bare and he was thrusting between my legs … ” Shine says he was in a position to penetrate her via her underwear earlier than she was in a position to push him off. This, she says, made him indignant. “He took my head and tried to make me go down on him.” She was ready to withstand, however Brunel took her hand and positioned it on his penis. “He handed out after which rolled over and slept,” she says. “I used to be petrified.” As quickly as Shine heard his respiratory change, she sneaked out. “I used to be in full-blown survival mode, like: get the fuck away,” she says.

Shine feels most indignant about what occurred on the company the next Monday. “I confirmed up, and my booker was there and she or he was like: ‘I can’t be seen speaking to you … you need to go.’” Shine says she went charging into Brunel’s workplace. He was on the cellphone, and repeatedly shouted for her to get out. Shine recollects Brunel saying: “I’m going to name the police on you. You don’t work right here any extra,” earlier than pushing her out.

“I couldn’t perceive it. I used to be the one who’d been raped.” Reflecting on the incident, she says tearfully: “I actually believed him when he stated that stuff to me. I don’t assume I’m silly. I feel I’m fairly clever, however part of me wished to imagine him. Trying again, I feel Jean-Luc was grooming me, and if I used to be somebody who would play alongside along with his fantasies, then he’d assist me work. And if I used to be not going to be a participant, then he would ensure that I disappeared.”

Shine returned to reside together with her mom in Bronxville, New York. In the course of the earlier six months, she had been repeatedly subjected to sexual harassment and assault, together with an tried rape by a dressmaker who advised her that intercourse was “what fashions are for”. She says: “I didn’t inform my mother and father … or anybody.” It grew to become clear that the occasions in Paris had spelled the top of her modelling profession. Her diary on the time reveals a lady battling together with her psychological well being. Her first entry after the Brunel incident, on 12 June 1986, reads: “I hate myself, I simply hold crying … I feel I’m going insane … this ache of distress is simply too nice to be tolerated any extra. I’ll do one thing drastic.” She says now that she was suicidal. “I really feel so sorry for that younger lady that was me.”

Two years later, in December 1988, CBS launched a 60 Minutes investigation into abuse within the vogue business, offered by Diane Sawyer. Titled American Women in Paris, it revealed allegations in opposition to each Haddad and Brunel. Shine and her mom watched from their sofa as Sawyer requested Haddad if he had slept with any of his teenage fashions. He responded: “Virtually by no means.” Brunel declined an interview, however Sawyer talked to a number of of his accusers, together with a lady who spoke anonymously to say he had drugged and raped her. “Boy, did that hit near dwelling,” says Shine. “I didn’t realise how unhealthy it was. There was this sample via the whole business. It wasn’t simply me.” She confided in her then boyfriend about what she alleges occurred with Brunel, and he has confirmed her account to me. Nevertheless, she nonetheless couldn’t carry herself to inform her mom. “I nonetheless felt an excessive amount of disgrace,” she says.

After a short flurry of controversy, the CBS programme was the topic of an undisclosed authorized risk. A spokesperson for the TV firm stated lately that the programme is “nonetheless on authorized maintain”, which means the recording or perhaps a transcript can’t be shared. Brunel’s profession continued to thrive.

The next 12 months, in 1989, Brunel had a hand in creating one other company, Subsequent Administration, primarily based in New York, which remains to be operating right now. Craig Pyes, who produced the CBS movie, says: “We accused someone of drugging and raping individuals in entrance of 8 million individuals, after which they will come to the US, open a modelling company and produce in additional underage ladies? What occurred?”

A spokesperson for Subsequent Administration says of the allegations in opposition to Brunel: “None of that occurred in our orbit. Once we began Subsequent in 1989 we had no thought about any of that – zero. It was a really short-lived relationship. He left after a 12 months and a half and neither of the companions ever bumped into him once more.”

In 1995, Brunel expanded Karin into the US. Joey Hunter, a veteran American agent, agreed to enter enterprise with him in New York. “It was the most important mistake of my life,” says Hunter, who bought his stake and give up after two years, sick of Brunel. Brunel additionally continued in a senior position at Karin in Paris via the 90s, however stopped working for the Europe division by the top of the last decade. Karin continues to be a number one company in Paris right now, however declined to remark for this text.

In a 1995 interview with journalist Michael Gross, who was writing a e book on the modelling business, Brunel claimed there have been different French brokers whose behaviour was worse than his, together with Haddad and Gérald Marie – on the time the European boss of the main modelling company Elite – who was beforehand married to supermodel Linda Evangelista. Marie was one among Brunel’s rivals, however the pair reportedly “exchanged” fashions between their companies and frequented the identical events and golf equipment in Paris. Brunel advised Gross on a tape that will likely be heard for the primary time within the new documentary: “[There are] quite a lot of different ones that you just don’t see, that you just don’t hear … Gérald is 100 instances worse than I’m.” Marie has categorically denied all accusations in opposition to him.

Pyes says the alleged behaviour of Brunel, Haddad and Marie (who wasn’t referenced within the CBS programme) was an “open secret” three many years in the past. He believes it was in a position to proceed as a result of the business selected to look the opposite means. “These had been regular ladies from throughout America and nobody cared,” he says. “We’re speaking a couple of conveyor belt, not a casting sofa. What I need to know is, who else was concerned who helped transfer this alongside?”


One of the younger ladies Pyes interviewed for the CBS programme was Courtney Soerensen. Then 19, she advised film-makers that turning down Brunel’s repeated sexual advances meant her work dried up. Now she says that what actually occurred in Paris went a lot additional.

From her dwelling in Livermore, California, Soerensen tells me that not solely was she repeatedly sexually assaulted by Brunel within the spring of 1988, however she was additionally “pimped out” to his pals in an orchestrated system of abuse. She tells me this culminated in a gathering with a person Brunel referred to easily as “Jeffy”, supposedly a high film agent searching for a brand new younger actress. Soerensen, now 53, says it was solely lately, after recognising him in TV footage, that she realised this was Jeffrey Epstein.

Soerensen, who started modelling in her dwelling city of Stoneboro, aged 13, describes her teenage self as “your all-round American woman from a small rural Pennsylvania city”. She performed within the faculty band and sang within the church choir. She and her youthful brother had been raised by their single mom, a instructor. Her mom insisted she attend faculty on the Artwork Institute of Pittsburgh, however Soerensen left three months earlier than finishing her diploma in vogue merchandising to change into a mannequin with the company IMG. Just a few months later, she says: “I used to be despatched to Paris to fill out my e book, get polished after which come again to take New York by storm.”

A portrait of Courtney Soerensen taken in April 2008 with long brown hair and her top coming off one shoulder
Courtney Soerensen says she was repeatedly sexually assaulted by Brunel when she went to Paris in 1988. {Photograph}: courtesy of Courtney Soerensen

From the second she arrived on the residence she was to share with different fashions, “every thing was extremely personalised and really hands-on with Brunel”, she says. “It was all super-glamorous … I acquired to go to George Michael’s live performance and sit and eat dinner with him and Brunel afterwards … all types of loopy, stunning issues.” Quickly after, Brunel started pestering her for intercourse and subjecting her to undesirable touching, grabbing her breasts, placing his hand up her costume and rubbing himself in opposition to her. On one event, she says, he lured her into his bed room on the pretext of displaying her images of a Miss Universe contestant whose profession he’d developed. “He acquired handsy, then pushed me down on the mattress and jumped on high of me,” she says. Soerensen was in a position to escape Brunel’s advances as a result of she was a lot larger than him: “I used to be fairly skinny on the time, however I’m 6ft tall and I used to be raised on a farm and as an athlete.”

Soerensen says Brunel advised her she can be rewarded if she went alongside along with his requests. “He stated if I used to be adequate at these sexual issues, he may ship me to individuals who may actually assist construct my profession.” However Brunel quickly “appeared to know I had little interest in him and proceeded to set me up on ‘appointments’ along with his cronies”. From that time, she says, “there was at all times this expectation that we’d be out there to whoever of his playboy pals had been there”. She was typically paired up with these males by the feminine bookers at Karin, who she says “would schedule lunches with them”. Brunel additionally started punishing her, she says. She had grown a “luxurious mane of hair” and at some point Brunel despatched her to a hairstylist who “chopped all of it off, and turned it vibrant orange”.

The final straw was the so-called “casting name” with Epstein. She says Brunel advised her it was for a job in a Hollywood film, and that “Jeffy” was searching for somebody “younger, recent and uncooked”, who may additionally carry some maturity to the half. “I used to be so excited to be picked,” she says. Epstein isn’t recognized to have had any real connections to Hollywood, however is accused by others of assuming false identities as a way to achieve entry to younger fashions.

The appointment at 6pm on 3 Might 1988 was at an residence simply off the Champs-Élysées. Epstein, who was joined by a videographer, advised her: “First I must see that you just’re a very good kisser and that you just’re passionate. That is going to be a film with quite a lot of love scenes, romance, so we need to just remember to have the proper physique and present us what you’re able to.” Soerensen expressed her discomfort, telling him she would like to do that with an actor and never with him, however went together with it. She says he then advised transferring to the kitchen to movie a special “scene”. Epstein advised her: “I’ll come up and begin kissing you from behind, after which we’ll make out on the ground.” Soerensen says it was when he put his palms on her breasts and up her skirt that she broke away and advised him it wasn’t acceptable. She remembers he then tried to hug her and commenced touching himself. “That’s after I simply needed to get out of there,” she says. “I keep in mind shaking … the disgrace and the fury.”

Within the days that adopted, she made a tearful name to her US company, IMG Fashions, begging to come back dwelling. Soerensen advised her feminine agent that Brunel was sabotaging her profession as a result of she wouldn’t sleep with him and that she was not in a position to make ends meet. She couldn’t carry herself to inform them what occurred with Epstein, she says. “I used to be horrified that they’d video of him touching me in that means.” The company organized for her to be spirited out of Brunel’s dwelling in the course of the night time by individuals from one other French company, and she or he hid for just a few days in one other residence. Quickly afterwards, she flew dwelling to Stoneboro.

Courtney Soerensen today with long dark hair and wearing a grey jumper
Soerensen solely realised currently that one of many males she was ‘pimped out’ to was Brunel’s pal Jeffrey Epstein. {Photograph}: Jessica Chou/The Guardian

Soerensen says she was staggered to find that IMG continued sending younger fashions to Brunel in Paris after that. She says because of this she feels it’s necessary she speaks out now, “as a result of too many individuals are complicit”. IMG declined to remark for this text.

She says that what occurred with Epstein and Brunel “was one thing I buried fairly deep”. It wasn’t till she noticed footage of Epstein as a younger man within the 2020 Netflix documentary Filthy Wealthy that she realised who the supposed movie agent had been. “It was the best way that he would faucet his fingers,” she says. “He would put his arm round you and try this tapping, and to at the present time I can’t stand for anybody to the touch or faucet me like that.” Since then, Soerensen has spent quite a lot of time in remedy.

Brunel and Epstein are thought to have met for the primary time within the Nineteen Eighties via the British socialite and now convicted intercourse trafficker Ghislaine Maxwell, however their relationship appears to have deepened within the late Nineties. In keeping with flight logs, between 2000 and 2005 Brunel took a minimum of two dozen journeys on Epstein’s personal jet – the so-called “Lolita Categorical”. Solely a handful of individuals, together with Maxwell, seem extra typically. In 2005, Brunel reworked Karin’s US division into a brand new company known as MC2, with monetary assist from Epstein, opening places of work in New York and Miami. Epstein and MC2 denied they’d any enterprise relationship, however in a sworn assertion in 2010, MC2’s former bookkeeper, Maritza Vasquez, stated Epstein had assured a $1m line of credit score for the corporate and straight paid for the visas of fashions dropped at the US to work for it.

Brunel with Ghislaine Maxwell and Jeffrey Epstein on his private jet, the ‘Lolita Express’
Brunel with Ghislaine Maxwell and Jeffrey Epstein on his personal jet. He took a minimum of two dozen journeys on the ‘Lolita Categorical’ and visited Epstein in jail 67 instances. {Photograph}: Shutterstock

Vasquez stated Brunel and fashions as younger as 13 lived in flats managed by Epstein on East 66th Road in Manhattan. Epstein didn’t cost lease, however Brunel billed the fashions $1,000 a month, Vasquez stated. Virginia Roberts Giuffre, one among Epstein’s accusers, alleged in a 2014 courtroom submitting that the system was a canopy for intercourse trafficking. Brunel “would supply the ladies ‘modelling’ jobs”, the doc learn. “Most of the ladies got here from poor international locations or impoverished backgrounds, and he lured them in with a promise of constructing good cash.” Roberts Giuffre additionally alleges that she herself was made by Epstein to have intercourse with Brunel.

In 2006, the authorities caught up with Epstein and arrested him in Florida. He spent simply 13 months in a Florida jail after pleading responsible to procuring an underage woman for prostitution. Brunel visited Epstein in jail no fewer than 67 instances.

Brunel continued to function MC2 in Miami till 2019. He led MC2 in New York till 2017, when he’s reported to have bought the belongings to assist create two new boutique companies, that are nonetheless operating. Each deny any connection to Brunel.


In 1991, three years after the 60 Minutes exposé, Dutch mannequin Thysia Huisman arrived in Paris, aged 18. An solely baby whose mom had died when she was 5, she had been scouted in a Belgian membership by a mannequin company in Brussels run by a feminine pal of Brunel’s. Brunel invited her to work for him at Karin and reside at his Paris residence. Huisman hadn’t heard in regards to the CBS programme or its allegations, however nonetheless felt uneasy. Nevertheless, the agent from Brussels advised her that solely “particular ladies he noticed potential in” got this chance, and that Brunel would maintain her.

One night in September 1991, having already attended numerous Brunel’s dinners and events, she accepted a drink that Brunel combined for her. She describes feeling “paralysed”. In a earlier Guardian interview, she stated: “I felt him – that is tough – between my legs. Pushing.” Huisman stated the remainder was a blur. She woke the subsequent morning in a kimono that wasn’t hers, with soreness on her internal thighs. She gathered her issues and fled. Her modelling work by no means recovered and she or he launched into a profession in tv, at all times behind the digital camera.

Huisman is satisfied that the feminine agent from Brussels knew about Brunel’s status earlier than she went to Paris. “All people within the business knew,” she says now. “That’s nonetheless the factor that pisses me off essentially the most.” Huisman says that 4 years in the past she confronted the agent. She says she advised her over the cellphone that she was mistreated by Brunel however was advised that Brunel was “too candy to do such a factor”.

Zoë Brock, a 17-year-old mannequin from New Zealand, was in Paris at across the identical time. She tells me: “I used to be a cheeky, fun-loving, adventurous and sassy child – child being the operative phrase.” She hadn’t heard in regards to the CBS broadcast both, and her mom was reassured by her agent that she can be protected at Brunel’s dwelling.

One night time he known as her into his bed room, provided her cocaine and advised her that “one among as of late” they’d have intercourse, she says. She took the cocaine however averted him after that. Nevertheless, she was quickly advised she may not keep at Brunel’s residence, which Brock believes was punishment for refusing his advances.


In February 1996, 17-year-old schoolgirl Leandra McPartlan-Karol was invited to Paris to work for Brunel at Karin. She had already been scouted, aged 15, on the native honest in Tulsa, Oklahoma. She loved faculty and was a flag-twirler within the marching band. She was in superior maths and English courses, and liked chemistry and poetry. Earlier than her modelling profession began taking off, she had imagined a profession buying and selling shares or as a chemist engaged on medicines or vaccines. However by 17, she was in demand within the US modelling business, doing shoots for YM, Seventeen and Mademoiselle magazines. She was additionally photographed by David LaChapelle for Attract and Particulars. She had gives of additional work within the US, however breaking into the European market appeared extra thrilling.

Leandra McPartlan-Karol in the late 90s, with long red hair
Leandra McPartlan-Karol was simply 17 when she went to Paris in 1996. {Photograph}: courtesy of Leandra McPartlan-Karol

In contrast to Huisman and Brock, McPartlan-Karol’s mother and father had heard in regards to the CBS present and its allegations in opposition to Brunel, and expressed their nervousness. Nevertheless, to allay their considerations, Karin flew a feminine scout to see her household. “She assured my mother and father that nothing like that was happening any extra,” says McPartlan-Karol. Her mother and father agreed it might be protected for her to go. So she graduated highschool early and made preparations to fly to Paris.

They had been advised that the fashions’ lodging was being repaired, so she would keep in Brunel’s residence whereas he was away scouting. However when she arrived, he was there “and he’d been on one among his infamous, three-day coke binges”, she says now. After that, there have been a number of dinner events on the residence. McPartlan-Karol says it was at one among these occasions that Brunel raped her the primary time. “We had been all hanging out in his front room and having drinks, and the subsequent factor I knew I used to be simply blacked out,” she says. “I used to be out and in via the rape … I simply keep in mind him being on high of me … like on my chest, forcing his penis in my mouth. That’s mainly all I keep in mind.” McPartlan-Karol attributes her blurry recollection to being in shock. She says she had slept together with her high-school boyfriend, “however I didn’t actually have a lot expertise in something, so it was all fairly new to me”.

Quickly afterwards, she had the chance to mannequin in New York. Nevertheless, when Brunel discovered, he locked her in her room: “He mainly kidnapped me for 3 days as a result of he didn’t need me to depart Paris.” She says Brunel’s maid would carry meals to the door. “My dad needed to get on the cellphone with Jean-Luc and my agent in Oklahoma, they usually needed to negotiate my launch.” McPartlan-Karol says she was too embarrassed to inform her mother and father in regards to the rape. She stated Brunel allowed her to depart given that she return to Paris to proceed modelling for Karin afterwards. This time, she may reside within the fashions’ residence, not with Brunel.

Again in Paris, she “compartmentalised” the rape and centered on her work. Employees at Karin invited her to dinners and events with “a bunch of older, rich males”, most of which Brunel didn’t attend. Cocaine flowed freely, she says, and she or he started taking it socially. When she did stumble upon him “it was very form of informal and pally and, you realize, simply making me really feel actually snug”. One night time she was at an company dinner at Barfly, a preferred bar-restaurant, and Brunel was there. “I don’t keep in mind if all of us left collectively, however I keep in mind him driving me round in one among his classic Ferraris again to his place,” she says. “I went upstairs to observe a film with Jean-Luc and I used to be laying on my abdomen. He was doing quite a lot of cocaine and I feel I did a line with him, however it was getting late and I used to be form of able to go.” However Brunel began massaging her again, she says, “and that’s when he pinned me down and raped me anally”.

Leandra McPartlan-Karol today with long dark hair and wearing a black dress
McPartlan-Karol right now: ‘I simply couldn’t perceive why you’d put one other younger woman in that scenario. There have been so many individuals who had been complicit.’ {Photograph}: Jessica Chou/The Guardian

Talking from the house she now shares together with her movie producer husband and four-year-old son in Hollywood, McPartlan-Karol tells me: “There was at all times that disgrace that it occurred that second time, that I let it occur or was accountable for it.” Even now she tries to elucidate to me why she went to his residence, saying: “We had been doing cocaine so I’m certain I used to be not making the very best selections.” She says her cocaine use had change into a coping mechanism. When she returned to the US and a member of the family discovered the drug in her bag, she says, she stopped taking it.

However regardless of McPartlan-Karol’s emotions of guilt, she didn’t need different fashions to undergo what she had, and advised her American brokers. Amongst them was her so-called mom agent – the time period used to explain the primary agent a mannequin works with, who develops their connections to the remainder of the business – in Oklahoma. Chatting with me now on the situation of anonymity, the agent confirms particulars of McPartlan-Karol’s story. “I feel it was a Sunday, so it was quiet within the company, and she or he got here in and advised me the entire story,” he says.

Having labored with McPartlan-Karol “since she was a child” and acquired to know her household, the agent now feels he “let her down”. He determined to talk to Karin and confronted the feminine scout who had flown to the US and reassured McPartlan-Karol’s household she can be protected. They met within the foyer of a resort in Tulsa, he says, and mentioned McPartlan-Karol’s case till the early hours of the morning. He advised McPartlan-Karol may contemplate going public, and raised the potential for Brunel compensating the mannequin. However he says the scout “made it very clear that Brunel had a relationship with the Russian mob”. He says: “I keep in mind her saying, ‘In case you don’t let this go, you’ll simply disappear. That would be the finish of it … you’ll simply be gone.”

It’s not recognized if Brunel actually did have mafia connections, however different sources who knew or labored with him say they suspected as a lot. Not lengthy after the assembly, the Oklahoma agent left the business. He says he’s nonetheless scared of individuals linked to Brunel: “These persons are means out of my league.” He provides, “I positioned quite a lot of ladies, however Leandra had the potential to be completely wonderful, and that’s what’s so unhappy.”

Phrase of McPartlan-Karol’s allegations additionally acquired again to her agent in New York. From that time on, she says, “my profession trajectory modified”. She will be able to’t be certain her allegations had been the explanation her agent dropped her, “however again then, when you got here ahead about stuff like that, you had been form of broken items … they didn’t need to cope with it”.

Within the mid-2000s she discovered through social media that one other of her former US companies, primarily based in Texas, was nonetheless sending fashions to work for Brunel, though it had data of her allegations. “It’s maddening,” she says. “I simply couldn’t perceive why you’d put one other younger woman in that scenario. There have been so many individuals who had been complicit.”

Within the years since her experiences with Brunel, McPartlan-Karol says she has battled anxiousness and despair. When she discovered final 12 months of the legal case in opposition to him, and that a minimum of 10 different ladies had come ahead (together with one with an allegation from as lately as 2000), she thought-about reporting her story. Brunel’s suicide got here simply as she was about to contact Anne-Claire Lejeune, a lawyer in Paris representing a number of of his accusers.

Brunel’s authorized crew stated in a press release on the time: “His misery was that of a person of 75 years previous caught up in a media-legal system that we ought to be questioning. Jean-Luc Brunel by no means stopped claiming his innocence and had made many efforts to show it. His determination [to end his life] was not pushed by guilt however by a deep sense of injustice.”

When information of his demise reached his victims, they inform me they felt a mix of dismay and disappointment. On the time, Huisman, who now lives in Amsterdam together with her boyfriend and their son, and has written a e book, Shut-up, about her experiences in Paris, stated she was upset that she wouldn’t have the ability to “look him within the eye in courtroom”. Now, having had extra time to course of it, she tells me: “He died behind bars, and why? As a result of we used our proper to come back ahead and we used our voices, and I hope it sends a message.” Brock agrees she is “comfortable he’s gone” and might not damage any extra ladies. McPartlan-Karol, now a full-time mom who volunteers with underserved communities in LA, hopes there’s a chance for change within the business: “Earlier than, it was identical to screaming right into a void.”

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Whereas the case in opposition to Brunel is now unlikely to go to courtroom, a supply near the investigation tells me that the decide is in “no rush” to shut the case, and is eager to establish different suspects or co-conspirators. Soerensen, now an online developer and a mom of 4, says: “It simply horrifies me to know in my coronary heart that another person is on the market doing the very same factor.”

Within the months earlier than Brunel died, Marianne Shine was filmed by the Sky documentary-makers giving her witness testimony over the cellphone to lawyer Lejeune, sitting on the couch subsequent to her 90-year-old mom, who was listening to her daughter’s story for the primary time. She says within the sequence that Brunel’s demise had left her with “a way of feeling cheated on the final minute”. Now she tells me: “Jean-Luc Brunel’s demise didn’t take away my hope. In truth, it’s fuelled it.” She provides: “I realised that this was a lot larger than what occurred to me … it grew to become this huge community, this boys’ membership.”

Shine is keenly watching the legal investigation into Gérald Marie. At the least 14 ladies have testified, together with supermodel Carré Otis. However in distinction to the Brunel case, not one of the ladies’s allegations fall inside France’s 30-year statute of limitations; until a more moderen one emerges, Marie is not going to be charged. “I feel the strain cooker is absolutely rising,” says Shine. “He must be accountable for the decades-long abuse that he’s rained down on these ladies.”

Marie’s lawyer says he “categorically denies” the accusations in opposition to him, which “date again greater than 40 years”, including: “The complainants are trying to conflate Jean-Luc Brunel, now deceased, with Gérald Marie. They subsequently intend to border my consumer as a scapegoat for a system, for an period, that’s now over. Nevertheless, in France, one doesn’t condemn a system; one condemns an individual, supplied that it’s confirmed that she or he has dedicated an offence. This proof is sorely missing on this case.”

Shine, now quietly decided, says: “For a few years, I used to be quiet. However I’m not any extra … In case you don’t step ahead and discuss it, it’s going to proceed to occur.”

Take heed to Lucy Osborne and Marianne Shine talk about how the reality about Jean-Luc Brunel got here to mild on the Guardian’s each day podcast Right this moment in Focus out there from 31 Might. Scouting for Women: Trend’s Darkest Secret launches on Sky Documentaries and streaming service Now on 24 June.

Within the UK, Rape Disaster gives assist for rape and sexual abuse on 0808 802 9999 in England and Wales, 0808 801 0302 in Scotland, or 0800 0246 991 in Northern Eire. Within the US, Rainn gives assist on 800-656-4673. In Australia, assist is obtainable at 1800Respect (1800 737 732). Different worldwide helplines may be discovered at ibiblio.org/rcip/internl.html